IXA and CTRMS are Official Sections of The Transplantation Society

  • International Xenotransplantation Association

  • International Xenotransplantation Association

Promoting xenotransplantation as a safe, ethical, and effective therapeutic modality.

The IXA’s core mission is closely aligned with the principles outlined in the Cartagena Protocol on Biological Diversity. This international agreement describes international norms for the use of genetically modified animals “to contribute to the development of human welfare and the promotion of environmental conservation on a global basis.” The Cartagena Protocol specifically seeks to “promote access to and transfer of technologies, including biotechnology” for the advancement of human health, and “to ensure the development of appropriate procedures to enhance the safety of biotechnology in the context of the Convention’s overall goal of reducing all potential threats to biological diversity, taking also into account the risks to human health.”


The IXA’s mission is to promote xenotransplantation as a safe, ethical, and effective therapeutic modality by:

  • fostering the science of xenotransplantation through promotion of ethical clinical and pre-clinical research, productive discourse, and collaboration;
  • educating health care providers and lay persons through broad, representative participation in interactive public debate; and
  • guiding the development of scientifically sound, internationally consistent public policy that is responsive to new developments in the field and acknowledges varying social, ethical and legal frameworks.

Official Section of

In Memoriam - Agnès Marie Azimzadeh, Ph.D

Agnès Azimzadeh passed away on March 15, 2021, after a courageous battle with intestinal cancer. She leaves her devoted husband, Djavad; their sons Julien and Philippe, and Julien’s wife Rebecca; her parents, Simone and Bernard Isabey; her brother Daniel Isabey; and her family-by-affection Li Ni and Julie Lin. The scientific and clinical transplant communities she touched at Massachusets General Hospital, University of Maryland, and around the world join her family in celebrating her life, and mourning her premature loss.

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